or, An Accurate Description of all the Cities, Towns, and Villages of The Kingdom.

Stephen Whatley

LONDON: M.DCC.LI. {1751}
VOL. I.: BO, HA, IL ; VOL. II.: OL, ST, WO

BOW, (Middl.) near Stratford, Essex, had the name from the stone arches of the bridge, built over the Lea, is inhabited by whitsters, and noted for dying scarlet.

HAM-WEST, (Essex) bet. Stratford and Little-Ilford. In this p. are 12 acres of marsh land, call'd Ox-Leas which Sir Jacob Garrard, sheriff of London, many years before his decease, appropriated for ever, for the binding out 4 apprentices, viz. 3 of this p. and one of East-Ham p. Also, in thankful remembrance of his deliverance in a trial for his life and estate, he appointed a sermon to be preached yearly, on that anaiversary (viz. Jan 9) at this p. Ch. with 20s, for the preacher, 6s. 8d. for the reader, 3s. 4d. for the clerk, and 2s. for the sexton, besides a dole of charity to be distributed, at the same time, to 50 poor people.

ILFORD, GREAT AND LITTLE, (Essex) on each side of the r. bet. Barking and Wanstead. At Great Ilford was formerly an hos. for lepers, to be chosen out of the demesnes of Barking-Abbey.

OLDFORD, (Midd.) in Stepney p. near Stratford le Bow and Hackney, had a passage over the r. Lea, where Q. Maud, wife of K. Hen. I. had like to have been drowned, and therefore caused a bridge to be built at Stratford.

STRATFORD AT BOW, (Midd.) on the E. side of London, whose bridge over the Lea r. to Essex was built by Maud, wife of Henry I. as its old Ch. was by Henry II. had formerly a nunnery, founded by William the Norman, who was Bp. of London in the R. of the Conqueror. Its Ch. which was a chapel of ease to Stepney, was lately made parochial. This place is noted for a mf. of porcellain, lately erected. See Bow.

STRATFORD-LONG-THORNE, (Essex,) the first village in the Co. next to London, in the p. of Westham, had an abbey, which, with the site thereof, and the Ch. and Ch.yard, was given by Henry VIII. to Sir Peter Meautys of Westham, whom he sent ambassador to France; and part of the wall which keeps out the Thames, is still called Meautys's Wall. 'Tis said Sir Tho. Campbel bought this entire estate in the last century; Mr. Price married his daughter, who has since sold it to John Pickering.

WOLWICH, (Kent,) on the Thames, 5 m. and half N. of Bromley, 3 m. E. from Greenwich, and 7 cm. 9 mm. from London, is reckoned in point of seniority the mother dock of the royal navy, and to have furnished as many men of war to it as any other two docks in England. Here are several fine docks, rope-yards, and spacious magazines, this place being wholly taken up and raised by the works erected for the naval service. Besides the stores of plank, masts, pitch, tar, &c. there is the gun-yard, called the warren, or park, where they make trial of the guns, mortars, &c. in which sometimes you see some thousand pieces of ordnance for ships and batteries, besides mortars, bombs, grenadoes, &c. without number. The largest ships ride here safely, even at low-water. Part of the p. (the whole whereof consists of 500 acres) lies on the Essex shore, where was once a chapel, yet it is in Kent. Its Ch., was lately rebuilt as one of the 50 new Chs. Here is a Mt, on F. and an almsh. for poor widows. The manor was lately, if it be not still, in the family of Gilbourne. The Thames, in Camden's time, having beat down its banks at Plumsted and Erith, laid a great many acres hereabouts under water, which endeavours were used many years to recover, but all the works and walls raised for that purpose were scarce able to defend the neighbouring fields from the farther incursions of the tides.